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Everything you need to know about Bedbugs

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Everything you need to know about bedbugsPin

Bed bug lifecycle


Bed bugs hatch as nymphs from eggs and go through five stages of immaturity where they shed their exoskeleton before becoming a sexually mature adult on the sixth shedding. They increase in size each time, and it may be difficult to identify them until the fourth or fifth nymph stage if you’re not practised in doing so.

Arrow
nest
Bed bug lifecycle

Identifying bed bugs


Although there are different species of bed bugs, the likeliest species to have infested your home is the common or household bed bug (Cimex lectularius).

Adult bed bugs and nymphs looks more or less the same in terms of their shape – they both have flat, oval-shaped bodies with vestigial front wings but while adults are light-brown to reddish-brown in colour, nymphs are translucent and generally lighter in colour depending on how long it has been since they last fed. Eggs can be difficult to spot unless you’re looking for them – they’re generally white in colour and about the same size as a grain of salt.

Bedbugs

Bedbugs

Signs of bed bugs


Common and German Wasp

Faecal stains on the mattress or sheets

Although you might expect faecal matter to have a tinge of blood to it, given that it’s purely digested blood that has been excreted, it generally looks more like tiny brown or black stains or smears with no red streaks. If a lot of these are visible on the bed or bed frame then it could indicate an infestation.

Common and German Wasp

Shed exoskeletons

With five stages of maturity, each lasting a day and resulting in the shedding of an exoskeleton, there should be ample evidence of a bed bug infestation, especially if it’s a bad one. The exoskeletons are small and transparent but enough of them should be noticeable.

Common and German Wasp

Bites

Many people do not react to bed bug bites because they assume they are something else – eczema, hives, spots or bites from other insects like mosquitos, for example. If you have a number of bites in a localised area and you can’t explain where they might have come from, check for other signs of bed bugs to either confirm or rule them out.

Common and German Wasp

Dead bed bugs

If bed bugs are present in our beds or bedrooms, some will be squashed when we go to sleep – whether they’re actually in the bed or under the mattress. Check the area around the bed if you suspect you have an infestation, because that could be a dead giveaway.

History of bed bugs


Bedbugs
400BC

Bed bugs were first mentioned in Ancient Greece as early as 400BC – at that time, it was thought they had value in treating medical problems.

1580

They gradually spread across Europe, coming to England in the 1580s.

1940

By the mid-20th century almost every home in a large number of areas in the UK and Europe had some level of infestation.

1950

Levels declined after the war, probably due to newly-available powerful pesticides.

1980

Worldwide infestation levels rose again in the 1980s. Increased air travel thought to be a significant contributing factor.

2010

Bed bugs are an increasing problem, especially in densely populated areas.

2010

Still causing problems, Bed bugs are continually controlled with heat and specialist chemicals.

Victim of a Bedbug Infestation?


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Image sources: http://ucce.ucdavis.edu, http://www.preferredpest.com/, http://bedbugsexterminatorbrooklyn.com, http://www.aad.org, http://www.trbimg.com

Everything you need to know about Bedbugs areas include:

Greater London

North London

  • Barnet
  • Brent
  • Harrow
  • Camden
  • Islington
  • Haringey
  • Enfield

East London

  • Waltham Forest
  • Hackney
  • Tower Hamlets
  • Newham
  • Barking
  • Dagenham
  • Redbridge
  • Havering
  • Ilford
  • Romford

West London

  • Southall
  • Hanwell
  • Ealing
  • Acton
  • Bedford Park
  • Shepherds Bush
  • Chiswick
  • Hammersmith
  • Hillingdon
  • Hounslow
  • Notting Hill
  • Maida Vale
  • Kensington
  • Westminster
  • Park Royal
  • Paddington
  • West End

South London

  • Bexley
  • Bromley
  • Croydon
  • Greenwich
  • Kingston
  • Lambeth
  • Lewisham
  • Merton
  • Richmond
  • Southwark
  • Sutton
  • Wandsworth
-

Outside London

Berkshire

  • West Berkshire
  • Reading
  • Wokingham
  • Bracknell Forest
  • Windsor and Maidenhead
  • Slough
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Kent

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